A normal trough ranges from 1 to 3 mm. Beyond this range is already a sign of gingivitis or periodontitis.
If the trough or “pocket” depth is greater than 3, then Scaling and Root Planing may be indicated. Scaling and root planing is a two-way procedure to treat gum disease.
Scaling means removes of all the plaque and tartar above and below the gumline. Then root planing or smoothing the teeth roots to help your gums reattach to the teeth is the next step.
As a non-surgical process, scaling and root planing is performed without any anesthesia, in the dentist’s office. While the process is usually painless, advanced stages of gingivitis may make it essential to numb the area for complete comfort.
Depending upon the extent of the disease, a second visit or more may be needed to fully debride the teeth, roots, and gums. In certain instances, a scaling may be done concurrently with a round of antibiotic(s). This is used in the most severe forms of the disease only.
Scaling and Root Planing is Performed Every Day in Our Hilton Head Office
Generalized or severe loss of attachment of teeth means your condition has become serious. If there are multiple sites around the mouth where pockets remain over 6 mm, then a dental surgery may be needed to return the foundation of the teeth to health.
Laser periodontal therapy and traditional surgeries can be used to more fully debride the teeth and gums, decrease pocket depths, and replace lost bone and/or gum tissue.
Scaling and Root Planing procedure result to soreness typically for a few days.
Over the counter anti-inflammatories and acetaminophen (Tylenol) can help reduce the pain while the body is healing.
Periodontic Care and Gingivitis in Hilton Head, SC
Gingivitis an cause substantial tooth and gum deterioration. It is often caused by plaque and tartar buildup, which allows bacteria to thrive and multiply. This bacteria cause the gum bleeding and inflammation.
Gingivitis is easily treated by having the hygienist scale and polish the teeth. If gingivitis is left untreated, the problem can progress and the roots will need planing.